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Everything You Need to Know About Writing a Will in Canada

Uros Obradovic
Written by
Uros Obradovic

Hello and welcome to Willfinity Legal Guides, where we strive to simplify the process of estate planning for every Canadian citizen. Today, we’re going to dive into a topic that often raises questions and sometimes eyebrows: writing a will in Canada. Now, as a  lawyer in Canada, I understand the legal intricacies, confusion, and concerns that can surround this process. But worry not! I'm here to guide you through each step, ensuring you leave no stone unturned in your estate planning journey.

What is a Will, and Why is it Important?

A will is a legally binding document that outlines your wishes regarding the distribution of your assets after your death. This might include real estate, cash, investments, personal possessions, and more. A well-drafted will is the bedrock of any effective estate plan, safeguarding your legacy and ensuring your loved ones are taken care of according to your wishes.

Many people, understandably, shy away from the topic of wills, considering it morbid or uncomfortable. However, failing to prepare a will can result in unintended consequences, such as your estate being distributed according to intestacy laws instead of your personal wishes. In simple terms, having a will puts you in control, not the state.

Who Can Make a Will?

In Canada, any person who is of the age of majority (18 or 19 years old, depending on the province) and is of sound mind can make a will. However, there are instances when a person might not be considered legally capable, such as in cases of severe cognitive impairment. Legal advice should be sought in such circumstances.

Key Elements of a Valid Will

A valid will in Canada usually contains several essential elements:

  • Declaration: This initial statement affirms that you are creating the will and revoking any previous ones.
  • Appointment of Executor: This is the person or entity you trust to administer your estate after your death.
  • Distribution of Assets: This section details who gets what from your estate.
  • Signature: The will must be signed by you (the testator) and typically witnessed by two people who are not beneficiaries or the spouse of a beneficiary.

Remember, the laws governing wills vary by province, and a lawyer can guide you through the specific requirements applicable to you.

DIY vs Professional Will Writing Services

Drafting a will might seem straightforward, but it's a process riddled with potential legal pitfalls. Errors, omissions, or a failure to comply with legal formalities can result in a will being declared invalid.

While DIY kits are available, they often don't cater to the individual needs and complexities of an estate. For example, blended families, ownership of property outside Canada, or planning for a child with special needs are situations that require specialized advice.

Professional will writing services, like Willfinity, provide an ideal balance. They offer affordable, easy-to-understand will creation with the guidance of legal professionals. Our platform is designed to assist Canadians in navigating the complexities of will writing, avoiding common mistakes, and ensuring their estate plans align with their wishes.

Testamentary Freedom and Its Limitations

In Canada, we enjoy testamentary freedom, meaning you can generally leave your property to whomever you wish. However, this freedom is not absolute. Family law legislation and dependents' relief legislation across provinces provide certain protections. This means you have a legal obligation to provide for your dependents, which can override the provisions of a will in some instances.

Updating a Will

Life is dynamic, and changes are bound to happen. Marriage, divorce, the birth of a child, acquiring new assets, or the death of a beneficiary are all significant life events that may necessitate updating your will

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